A Digital Signature Certificate is issued by the certifying authorities in India for the purpose of verifying and authenticating the identity of the individual holding the certificate. DSC is a secured digital key. A digital signature is required while filing income tax, e-tenders, company filings, etc. In this blog, we shall discuss the benefits of DSC, classes of DSC, and how to apply for DSCs. Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is issued by certifying authorities and it is a secure digital key used for various online business transactions. DSC contains the certificate holder’s name, pin code and country, email address, the date on which it was issued, and the digital certificate providers’ name (authority).Notably, it is issued for 1 or 2 years and has to be renewed after their validity is expired. Also, an individual can have two DSCs – for personal and professional purpose each. And all digitally signed documents are acceptable as proof or evidence for legal purpose.
Reduced Time & Cost: The certificate holder is no more required to sign the physical documents and later scan them to send via e-mail. He can simply digital sign the PDF which saves time and cost. In addition, there is no need for the certificate holder to be physically present to conduct business.
Data Integrity: A document cannot be changed or altered once it is digitally signed. So, the data is secured.
Authenticity of Documents: Since the digitally signed documents cannot be changed, the receiver of documents is assured of their authenticity.
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Class 1 DSC: The class 1 digital signature certificate is issued to individual and private subscribers. These are used to confirm the names and e-mail contact details of the certificate holder.
Class 2 DSC: The class 2 digital signature certificate is issued to the companies for the purpose of e-filing with the ROC (Registrar of Companies). Notably, DSC class 2 is mandatory to obtain for individuals who have to sign manual documents while filing returns with Registrar of Companies.
Class 3 DSC: The class 3 digital signature certificate is issued to vendors who are participating in eTendering / online tenders, eProcurement, eBidding and eAuction. Custom & Excise , CHAs, Net Banking, IRCTC eTicketing, Trademark and Patent eFiling also needs a Class 3 Digital Signature.
Follow the following steps to obtain a digital signature certificate online:
- Submit duly filled digital signature certificate subscription form to the issuing authority.
- Produce photo ID proof of the applicant along with the address proof.
- Upon submitting all the required documents, you will be allotted digital signature certificate.